Small-bowel bleeding

  • Small-bowel bleeding Figure 1


A 75-year-old man presents with severe iron deficiency anemia. Single-balloon enteroscopy reveals a 12-mm reddish tumor in the third portion of the duodenum. What is true about this lesion?

This finding is very common in the small intestine. The layer of origin is the muscularis propria. The lesion is a congenital venous malformation. The lesion has malignant potential, and resection is always recommended, regardless of symptoms.
View picture quiz

More Picture Quizzes

The GIST of it

During screening colonoscopy, a 45-year-old man is found to have a rectal submucosal lesion. EUS reveals a 2.5-cm hypoechoic lesion emanating from the adventitial layer with an intact muscularis propria. EUS-guided core biopsy shows a GI stromal tumor (GIST), and the patient is referred for endoscopic adventitial dissection (Figure). Which of the following is true regarding GISTs?
View picture quiz

An ooze diffuse

A 67-year-old patient presents with melena and shortness of breath culminating over the last few weeks. Laboratory test results show a hemoglobin level of 7 mg/dl from a baseline of 13 mg/dl and a blood urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio >40. CT scan results reveal a fundal mass with hyper-enhancing locules consistent with a GI stromal tumor. Upper endoscopy finds a 5-cm ulcerated submucosal mass diffusely bleeding in the gastric fundus. To control this bleed, hemostatic powder therapy is chosen, and the injection catheter is modified to prevent clogging of the system during deployment (Figure). After successful hemostasis, the patient undergoes definitive therapy with surgical resection. Which of the following is true regarding upper GI bleeding?
View picture quiz

The underwater leather bottle

A 70-year-old man presents with weight loss, anorexia, and nausea. A CT scan shows a significantly thickened gastric wall. Upper endoscopy and mucosal biopsies are performed from hyperemic, “angry-looking” areas, but malignancy is not discerned. A repeat endoscopy is performed, and the lumen is submerged in water. A specialized stiff cold snare is used to obtain sampling underwater. Histopathologic evaluation also is performed (Figure). Which of the following is true about this condition?
View picture quiz

Pesky pearls

A 73-year-old man presents with right upper quadrant pain 19 months after cholecystectomy. A CT scan shows perihepatic fluid collection extending to the gallbladder fossa suspicious for biloma. Percutaneous drainage is performed, and evidence of dropped gallstones is found during placement. After multidisciplinary discussion, cholangioscopy is completed through the percutaneous tract with removal of the dropped gallstones. Which of the following is true?
View picture quiz

Deeper dive

A 72-year-old man with underlying disease of right-sided tongue cancer undergoes EGD for a gastric subepithelial lesion in the gastric fundus. Biopsies are nondiagnostic. EUS shows a nearly 2-cm heterogeneous hypoechoic tumor originating from the muscularis propria layer. What is the best next step in management?
View picture quiz